When do you prune a tree?

Diseased, damaged and dead tree branches must be removed early on. If not, the most ideal time to prune your tree is during late winter and early spring months, just before the tree starts to the buds. Some trees like dogwood and maple will bleed sap during this time of the year. This bleeding must not harm them. While tree pruning may be performed anytime, it is always best to avoid extreme winter cold and very hot dry periods. If you do tree pruning once the leaves have opened, just make sure that you let their leaves be fully developed and some extra time in order to recoup the strength they used. 

Tree 

How do you perform tree pruning? 

Getting Started 

The first thing you need to consider prior to cutting a tree is to determine what and why it has to be pruned. Initially, you need to have a plan. Afterwards, decide what equipment or tools are to be used. Most tree pruning projects may be done with a pruning saw, loppers and hand pruners. 

HandPruners – There are two kinds of hand pruners, anvil and bypass.  bypass pruners cut similar to scissors. A sharp blade slides past the other sharp blade leading in one good clean cut. On the other hand, the cutting action of the anvil pruners is like a sharp blade cutting across a flat surface blade. As a matter of fact, this kind of action seems to crush the tissues on the underside of the stem. In addition to that, bypass pruners are usually recommended due to its clean cut. Crushing actually opens up plant tissues to infection.  

Pruning Saw The modern tri-edge folding saw is a replacement to an older and obsolete bow saw. This saw easily and quickly cuts wood up to 3 inches diameter. 

Loppers –There are also two kinds of loppers, anvil and bypass. Loppers have longer handles as well as larger blades which are designed to cut woods ¾ inch to 1 ½ inch in diameter. The one that is highly recommended between the two is the bypass lopper.

How to Cut 

The act of pruning is basically, wounding the tree. When done accordingly, tree pruning can help the trees. However, if done incorrectly, it will just put the trees in danger. Leaving a stab and flush cuts are two primary examples of a wrong tree pruning. 

Trees don’t heal wounds. When branches are cut off, they are gone. It does not grow another branch. Nonetheless, trees seal wounds. When pruned the right way, a callus is produced like a donut which starts at the edge and grows in until the callus wraps the cut. 

Inside a tree, a chemical boundary is made around the wounded area which compartmentalizes the wound. Furthermore, compartmentalization limits any decay which can occur from wounding the tree. 

Leaving on stabs and flush cuts cause wounds which will not compartmentalize or callus over. The tree will definitely start to rot in those areas.  To know more about this, click here.

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